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Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Part II

In Part I of this series, we discussed the distinction between these two conditions, the common causes of both, and the fact that there is often confusion about them due to the frequent overlap between the conditions. In Part II, the focus will be on the symptoms of each condition and how the Thomas Law Firm can help with recovery.


A traumatic brain injury is exactly what it says: a trauma to the brain. It does not necessarily involve a blow to the brain, however. Whiplash from a motor vehicle accident, for example, can cause a TBI because it can cause the brain to hit the skull with enough force to cause injury. Most non-combat TBIs are mild to moderate, and cause the following post-concussion symptoms (also known as post-concussion syndrome):

  • Physical symptoms: dizziness, tiredness, trouble sleeping, vision problems, sensitivity to sound and light
  • Cognitive: memory problems, trouble staying focused, impulsivity and poor judgment, trouble putting thoughts into focus
  • Emotional: depression, anger outbursts, anxiety/nervousness, personality changes

The above symptoms are common in post-concussion syndrome, and are a normal part of recovery from a traumatic brain injury. However, some people get very worried about the symptoms, mistaking their post-concussion syndrome for permanent health problems. Worry and upset over symptoms only exacerbates their effect. Proper diagnosis and treatment of a traumatic brain injury will alleviate the stress and help recovery.


Post-traumatic stress disorder develops from a traumatic event; it is not the event or injury itself. As discussed in Part I of this series, because traumatic events often result in traumatic brain injuries and in PTSD, post-concussion syndrome and PTSD frequently overlap. The symptoms for each are quite unique, however. The symptoms of PTSD include the following:

  • Unwanted and repeated memories of the traumatic event
  • Flashbacks where the traumatic event is relived and the person temporarily loses touch with reality
  • Avoidance of people, places, sights and sounds that remind the person of the event
  • Feelings of detachment and emotional numbness
  • Shame about what happened and what was done
  • Survivor guilt
  • Hyper-vigilance and constant alertness for threats and danger

People with PTSD are at increased risk for depression, substance abuse, sleep problems and physical injuries. Early intervention and treatment is particularly important with PTSD. There are are several types of treatment: (1) trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy; (2) family therapy; (3) medication; and (4) Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing,mor EMDR.

Support during treatment and recovery is key; so also is avoiding drugs and alcohol. Reaching out to help others through volunteering and/or donating can challenge the feeling of helplessness that often accompanies PTSD.


If you have undergone a traumatic event that results in a traumatic brain injury and/or PTSD, contact the lawyers at The Thomas Law Firm to discuss your legal rights to compensation for medical costs and pain and suffering.

Categories: Accidents, News, PTSD
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Thomas Law Firm
Located at 945 East Paces Ferry Road, Resurgens Plaza, GA 30326.

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